Monday, March 11, 2013


MIX - to mix and combine

REMIX - to mix and combine again and again.

According to Wikipedia, which itself might be considered and example of a remix

Remix culture is a society that allows and encourages derivative works by combining or editing existing materials to produce a new product.[1] A Remix Culture would be, by default, permissive of efforts to improve upon, change, integrate, or otherwise remix the work of copyright holders. In his 2008 book, RemixLawrence Lessig presents this as a desirable ideal and argues, among other things, that the health, progress, and wealth creation of a culture is fundamentally tied to this participatory remix process. This remix process is an essential aspect of contemporary art practice and in remixthebook, the artist Mark Amerika identifies remix as a significant rhetorical trope employed in the creation of innovative works of visual, literary, and performance art.

Read Only Culture
In his book 'The Future of Ideas', Lessig describes modern culture as Read Only.[2] In a Read Only culture, a small professional group produces all the culture that is then consumed by the masses. The public can only absorb and take in the culture, but it leaves no room to interact with the culture. This is analogous to a Read Only CD which allows only the viewing of its content. Modern consumptive culture is a form of permission culture.[3] Advocates of current or expanded copyright policies argue that Read Only culture is necessary to nurture creativity. They argue that without protection of their work, artists would have no incentive to produce original material because their work will be taken and modified by others.

Read/Write Culture
Remix culture is a culture where the public is free to add, change, influence, and interact with their culture. This is analogous to a Read/Write CD where the owner can change their material on the disk. Amateur producers make and distribute the content. Lessig argues that Read/Write culture will nurture creativity by all individuals to produce and influence their culture. In this culture, all members are producers who continually consume, remix, and produce new material. By taking input of all the participants, the culture will become richer and more inclusive. Remix and participatory cultures can provide significant social benefits.[4]

Much of this lecture and images are taken from the following text:

Tolerance is law: Remixing Homage, Parodying Plagiarism

Social norms versus legality.

Technology, society and the law.

Ambiguities within the legal, social and architectural realm: